The doctor will ask about your symptoms and risk factors. Tell your doctor if you or a family member has a history of vein problems. Make sure to inform your doctor of any recent surgical procedures, leg injuries, or any blood clots that you may have had. If you are female, make sure to inform your doctor if you are pregnant, or taking hormones. Your doctor will check your legs for any abnormal veins or swollen or tender areas. A duplex ultrasound test will also be ordered. After the evaluation, your doctor will discuss treatment options with you.
Ultrasonography is a painless, non-invasive test. A small transducer is pressed against the skin, utilizing sound waves to create images. A gel is applied to the skin to help the transducer create accurate images. The test will help the doctor pinpoint the size and location of a blood clot, if you have one.
A Blood Test Known as a D-Dimer
This is a blood test to look for a substance called D-dimer. This test is used to rule out a blood clot.
D-dimer is a protein fragment from the break down of a blood clot. Blood clots generally begin to slowly break down after they are formed, and this process releases D-dimer into the blood.